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  • Home
  • Diamonds and mythology

Diamonds and mythology

Millennium star

Drop diamond cut-weight 2003.00 ct.
It is without of flaws and inclusions, either at naked-eye or with 10 powers lens.
It is so huge and perfect that no one can establish its value.
Nowadays there is not an official appraisal.
Harry Oppenheimer (world skilled man about diamonds) describes the millennium star as "The most beautiful diamond that he has ever seen".
It was discovered in Congo Republic.
It took three years to give it a shape.
Nowadays it is property of De Beers.

Oval cut-weight 108, 83 ct.
Its origins are set in 1304.
It was owned by Rajià of Malva. It is told that it was the eye of the peacock of the invaluable throne owned by Indian prince.
In 1738, after the invasion by Delhi, Nadir Scia of Persia became the owner.
It is told that the name comes from an exclamation of Nadir Scia of Persia: Kho-i-noor!, which means mountain of light.
It stayed in Persia until 1849 when England added Punijab and the east company. The diamond came in the ownership of England which gave it to Queen Victoria.
At the origin, the stone had 186.00 ct., but in order to improve its beauty and brightness and also to increase the quality, it was cut and so it became a 108,93 ct. precious stone.
Nowadays it is set in England's crown.


It is the biggest rough diamond found until nowadays.
It has 3106,00 ct and it weighs about 621,35 gr.
It was found in 1905 by a miner in Premier (South Africa). At the end of his shift, he was walking to the exit of the mine when he saw a sparkle in the land.
He extracted it from the land with a claps knife and he took na?vely it to his chief.
It was given the name Culinan in honor of the Premier mine's president.
Due to it was impossible to find a buyer, it was given to King Edward VII of England for his sixtieth birthday.
Some experts of precious stone suggested him to have the diamond cut.
After some months of study and projects, on the 10 of February 1908 at 14:45 the challenge began.
The result was nine big gem stone and other 96 smaller diamonds.
Among them "Cullianan I" stands out, it is also called African Star. It is the biggest cut diamond in the world (530,00 ct.), and the "Cullinan II" (317,00 C.T.) Nowadays they are at London and they are part of the Crown Treasure of England.
"Culinan I" is set in the handle of the scepter, whereas "Cullinan II" is set on the top of the crown.
(Created for George VI in 1937).


This is the biggest cut diamond with a modern cut in the world, 273,00 ct..
In 1988, De Beers announced the extraction of a diamond of 599,00ct.
(The announce correspond to the centenary).
The diamond at the mineral state was as big as matches box, it had an irregular shape with a concave bigger surface.
In order to do a correct cut, it needed skilled hand due to the irregular shape of the diamond.
De Beers look for the most skilled diamond cutter in the world.
"Gabi Tolkowski"
He was afraid that lasers o blades could have ruined the diamond, so after studies of the stone, he decided to use cleavage technique (or hand cut), he kept out modern techniques.

Taylor – Burton

Weight: 69.000 ct.
It was extracted in South Africa in Premier mine.
It was sold in an auction sale and bought by Cartier.
During the following days, Richard Burton bought it for an unknown price.
Richard wanted to enhance his wife's Elizabeth Taylor beauty, but she put in on an action sale after 10 years in order to give the proceeds to a foundation for a hospital in Botswana.
The last appearance of the Taylor-Burton was in 1979 when it was sold for 3 million dollars.


Weight: 45,72 ct.
It has a blue color and it brought bad luck to who had owned it.
The first owner was Jean-Baptiste Tavernier.
It is told that during one of his expeditions, he detached it from the eye of an Indian idol that got very angry.
Its future owners and him were damned.
After a theft, Tavernier was in a state of insolvency so he decided to seek for fortune in India but he never arrived. The stone arrived to Luigi XVI's court and he died for gangrene in a feet.
It was given to Sun King and he fell into disgrace.
He was hit by smallpox which was so strong that his body decomposed while he was still alive.
Then, Maria Antonietta became the owner and she made it set in a necklace.
Her husband and she were beheaded during the French revolution.
A jeweler became the new owner of the stone, which was stolen and he died for a heart-attack caused by the fear.
The thief was his son who as soon as he found out about the death of his father committed suicide.
From that episode, there was no news about the stone until 1830 when a banker from London (Mr. Hope) bought it and gave it his name.
Little time later he divorced from his wife and fell into disgrace.
Then it was bought by Jaques Colot who got crazy and committed a suicide.
It was bought by Kanitowskji for a female Russian dancer who was killed by him due to jealousy.
Also Kanitowskij died because he was killed by Russian rebels.
A Greek jeweler bought it but he had never seen it because he fell in a ravine.
Sultan Abdul Hamid bought it and then he was ceased and got crazy.
Edward Beale McLean (the Washington Post's owner) gave it to his wife.
Since that several disgrace occurred to the family: McLean's mother died, and the chauffeur, two waiters, and his 10 years old son died too.
As a result Mr. McLean and his wife divorced and he became an alcoholic.
Ex Mrs. McLean kept on being the owner until her daughter's suicide.
The owner was Henry Winston who gave it to Smithsonian in Washington.


Weight: 53.00 ct.- perfectly uncolored.
It was the property of Carlo II of Burgundy and Nicola of Harlay mr.of Sancy.
It was sold to Elizabeth Queen of England who gave it as a pledge to Cardinal Mazzarino and so it became property of Sun King.
During the French revolution it was stole with the treasure of the crown.
Until now there isn't any official recovery of the stone.
It seems that one of the possible owner was the Duke of Domidoff.


Weight: 278,42 ct.. One of the most colored diamond in the world.
It was discovered in 1878 in Kimberly mine in South Africa.
It was sold to Charles Tiffany who entrusted the young gemologist George Frederik Kunz in order to optimize brilliance of the diamond.
He studied the stone for one year and then he decide to use a new cut of 90 facets (32 more than the normal brilliant cut).
The cut increased the brilliance of the stone but the weight decreased to 128,54 ct..
The diamond was worn only by two people.
One is the actress Kathrine Hepburn and the second one is unknown.

Il regent

It weight 141,00 ct.
It was discovered in 1701 at Golconda in India by a slave.
When it was rough it weighted 410,00 ct., but after the brilliant cut the weight was 141,00 ct..
It was owned by governor Madras, Thomas Pitt, and then by the reigning Filippo II of Orleans who bought it for 135000 dollars.
It was on the 6 June 1717 and since then it was called Règent.
It became part of the treasure of the king of France and it was set in the crown of Luigi XV.
After the French revolution in 1804, at the will of Napoleon Bonaparte, it was set in the hilt of his sword.
In 1887 it was sold to private citizen.
Nowadays it is kept at Louvre museum.

Gran Mogol

It seems that its weight was 280,00ct..
Information about its existence came from one of the known merchants of precious stone, the French Tavernier.
It is told that during one of his expedition to the East, at Gran Mogol's court, he could admire it.
It is also told that it was discovered in a Golconda's region.
Its story talks about a Venetian diamond cutter who worked on a rough stone of 787,00 ct..
At the end of the work, the result was a diamond of 280,00 ct..
It was considered as a theft to the detriment of the king, due to that all the diamond cutter's goods were confiscated.
There is no news about this precious stone after the theft.

Golden Jubilee

Weight: 547,67 ct.
Nowadays, it is the biggest cut diamond in the world.
It was discovered in 1985 in Premier mine in South Africa.
When it was a rough diamond its weight was about 755,00 ct and it was called Unnamed Brown.
Due to a sketchy gullibility, it wasn't evaluated as it will be.
It was used as guinea pig in order to test some tools and some diamond cut techniques.
It was used as an attempt of cut for the Centenary.
The attempt was entrusted to Gabi Tolkowski, who would have cut the Centenary.
It was a surprise! From the guinea pig appeared a yellow cushion cut diamond which weighted 547,67 ct..
After 80 years, Culinan I was overtook!
The one which is still called the Unnamed Brown became the biggest cut diamond ever.
In 1995, the diamond was bought by a Thai group led by Henry Ho.
It was exposed at Thai Board of Investment Exbhistion, and it was a success. In order to admire it, a lot of people from all over the world went to see it. There was a queue as long as a mile.
In 1997, it was took to Pope Giovanni Paolo II to receive the blessing. Then it was given to Thailand's king in honor of the Golden Jubilee.
Since that the name switched in Golden Jubilee.
Nowadays it is still part of Thai jewels crown.


Weight: about 137,00 ct – it was pale yellow and it tended to greenish shade.
Type of cut: double rose cut, 9 sides and 126 facets.
The research shows that the discovery took place in the XVII century.
It seems that it was discovered in India.
It was owned by different people who gave it different names:
Toscano by Great duke of Tuscani (Medici's family), Austrian Yellow by Maria Teresa of Hapsburgs.
In 1918, after the decay of Austo-Hungarian empire, the Hapsburgs were exiled in Swisse.
The Fiorentino was stolen and it was never found again.

Mousaieff Red

Weight: 5,1ct.- fancy red diamond with natural color.
It has a triangular cut con curvilinear sides (trilliant-cut).
It was classified as IF by the Gemological Institute GIA.
It is the biggest red diamond classified ever.
Its story is quite recent, it was found at rough state by a farmer in Brasil in '90. He was rummaged through a stony ground of an alluvial deposit. The rough diamond weighted 13,90 and then it was bought by William Goldberg Diamond Corporation.
After it was cut, the stone was called Red Shield.
In 2001, Muossaieff Jewerlrs Ldt bought it for 8 millions dollars and it took the name of the company.


Weight: 407,00ct.- size 53,90 x35,19-28,18 mm.
As rough diamond, it weighted 890,00 ct. (the fourth as size).
In 1988, its features were classified by the Gemological Institute GIA.
It was classified as IF, fancy brownish-yellow with triolette cut (type of cut coined by Marvin Samuels specifically for this stone.).
Its discovery took place in 1980 in democratic Congo Republic near Mbuji Mayi.
The lucky miner was a little girl who was playing at her uncle's house. She was on a pile of rubble of the mine which was next to the house. She noticed that a stone was glistening differently than the others.
She thought it was a beautiful stone and she brought it to her uncle. Her uncle was skilled about minerals and so he understood that it was a rough diamond.
He had the rough mineral analyzed and then he sold it to some African merchants. The Africans sold it to some Lebanese merchants who worked at Kinshasa, the Congo's capital.
Following, the diamond was sold to different buyers:
-De Beers,
-Donald Zale,
-Marvin Samuels,
-Louis Glick
Those bought the diamond in society.
The cut was done by a world famous diamond cutter, Marvin Samuels.
After the cut there was 14 smaller diamonds.
The study of each scraps showed that the rough the diamond had a growth in variable surrounding in fact each stone had a different shades, from colorless to pale yellow, amber-yellow and dark-yellow.
This particular feature was impossible to identify in the rough diamond which appeared only yellow.
From the 14 scraps were achieved 14 precious stones.
The stones obtained from the stone weighted from 1,33 to 15,66 ct.
The main stone was called "Incomparable".
Nowadays it is the third biggest cut diamond in the world.
In 1988 at New York, the Incomparable was given to auction sale for base price of 20 million dollars.
Nobody could afford that price!
The highest offer was made by Theodore Horovitz (12 million dollars).
That was the highest offer made for a precious stone in an auction sale for only one stone.
Louis Glick rejected the offer.
In 2002, a new auction sale was posed on Ebay starting from a base price of 15 million dollars (that beat the record of the biggest diamond sold on internet).
Although nobody bought it.
Nowadays we don't know who keeps it.


Weight 189,00 ct.- formerly it weighted 300,00 ct.
It was found in India, and it was considered as a God's eye in a Hindu temple.
It was stolen by a French soldier who came in Europe in VXIII century.
The Prince of Orloff gave it as a present to Katherine of Russia in order to make her to fall in love with him.
The women accepted it although she had never worn it.
Nowadays, it is part of the Russian treasures.


Weight: 20,00 ct.- it is peach-pink.
It was called as Hortense of Beahharnais, queen of Holland.
Luigi XIV bought it, and so it is part of the treasure of the French crown.


Weight: 88,00 ct.-it is dark yellow.
It has a particular feature which is exceptional and unique: the signatures of the owner are engraved on the stone.

  1. King o Achmednagar, Golconda India (1591).
  2. Great Mogol of Delhi.
  3. Scià of Persia (1824).
Nowadays, it is part of the Russian Treasure.


Weight 70,200 ct.
it has a drop cut, and it is as big as walnut.
It is told that it is set in the eye of an idel.
According to its story, it was used as an exchange in the kidnapping of the princess Rasheetah (the daughter of the sheik Kashmir). The kidnapping was commissioned by the Sultan of Turkey.

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